As a table

NameRatingLaunchAboutTypeConsensusGovernanceWhitepaperLanguageDEXPrivacySidechainAtomic SwapState Channels# Nodes#Transactions# Block ProducerHead BlockTX/SBlockTimeBlockSizeAccountsContractsContracts LanguageTuringStakedUnstakedUnstakingTokenSupplyPriceNew TokenRewardsDecentralizationMarketCapMarketCap RankExplorerCodeTx/sSocialcustom specification
ArdorNo Ratings YetNo Ratings Yet01-2018

Ardor

Ardor is a blockchain-as-a-service-platform that evolved from the time-tested Nxt blockchain. It launched on January 1, 2018 after a successful year on testnet. The unique parent-child chain architecture of Ardor, with a single security chain and multiple transactional chains, offers three advantages: reducing blockchain bloat, providing multiple transactional tokens, and hosting ready-to-use interconnected blockchains called child chains.

Consensus: PoS,https://tokens-economy.gitbook.io/consensus/chain-based-proof-of-stake/proof-of-stake-pos

Block Time: 60 seconds

Market Cap: $ 113 million

WhitePaper

Ardor

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PublicPoSN/AJavaN/AN/AN/AN/AN/A60N/AN/AN/AJavaN/AN/AN/AArdorArdorN/AN/AN/A113N/AN/A
ArkNo Ratings YetNo Ratings YetMarc 2017

Ark

Ark Ecosystem is a legal entity developing an open-source, public, blockchain-based distributed computing platform featuring smart bridges functionality. Ark Ecosystem is the first blockchain project to incorporate in the EU and in France. It is registered as Société Coopérative d’Intérêt Collectif (SCIC) which is “Cooperative Society of Collective Interest” or “General Interest Cooperatives”. This structure is aligned with an open source venture and with a for-profit venture. The French regulatory body of financial markets – AMF Autorité des Marchés Financiérs – and the National bank of France – Bank of France – have been in close collaboration with ARK Ecosystem and their legal advisory firm – Fieldfisher to design the SCIC structure. The lead partner that designed the SCIC structure is Arnaud Grunthaler. He is also a member of the think tank of the French Prime Minister’s Cabinet focused on policy “France Stratégie”.

Consensus: DPoS,https://tokens-economy.gitbook.io/consensus/chain-based-proof-of-stake/delegated-proof-of-stake-dpos

Block Time: 0.133 seconds

Market Cap: $ 75 million

WhitePaper

Ark

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PublicDPoSN/AJavascriptN/AN/AN/AN/AN/A0.133N/AN/AN/AJavascriptN/AN/AN/AArkArkN/AN/A51 delegate75N/A 19 TPS
BitcoinNo Ratings YetNo Ratings YetN/A

Bitcoin

Bitcoin is a platform for transferring digital currency, the bitcoins (BTC). It has been the first decentralized cryptocurrency to be created, and now is the one with the largest market capitalization. The platform relies on a public blockchain to record the complete history of currency transactions. The nodes of the Bitcoin network use a consensus algorithm based moderately hard “proofof-work” puzzles to establish how to append a new block of transactions to the blockchain. Nodes work in competition to generate the next block of the chain. The first node that solves the puzzle earns a reward in Bitcoin. Although the main goal of Bitcoin is to transfer currency, the immutability and openness of its blockchain have inspired the development of protocols that implement (limited forms of) smart contracts. Bitcoin features a non-Turing complete scripting language, which allows to specify under which conditions a transaction can be redeemed. The scripting language is quite limited, as it only features some basic arithmetic, logical, and crypto operations (e.g., hashing and verification of digital signatures). A further limitation to its expressiveness is the fact that only a small fraction of the nodes of the Bitcoin network can process transactions whose script is more complex than verifying a signature.

Consensus: PoW,https://tokens-economy.gitbook.io/consensus/chain-based-proof-of-work/proof-of-work-pow-1

Block Time: 600 seconds

Market Cap: $ 115000 million

WhitePaper

Bitcoin

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PublicPoWusers and minersC++N/AN/AN/AN/AN/A600up to 1.2MBN/AN/AIvy-LangN/AN/AN/ABitcoinBitcoinN/A12.5 bitcoins; halve every 210'000 blocksN/A115000N/A 5 to 20 tx/sN/A
BoscoinNo Ratings YetNo Ratings YetN/A

Boscoin

BOScoin is a Self-Evolving Cryptocurrency Platform for Trust Contracts. They will provide a decidable and approachable framework for creating and executing contracts on the blockchain. The “Congress Network” is aimed towards creating a more democratic and productive decision making process. And the incentive scheme and issuance plan is aimed towards creating value for the coin while deterring the centralization of power. The Modified Federated Byzantine Agreement algorithm will allow for low latency transactions while being more energy efficient. BOScoin aims to overcome the technical and operational issues inherent in many cryptocurrencies.BOScoin uses a modified Federated Byzantine Agreement(mFBA) which originally comes from the Federated Byzantine Agreement System(FBAS). In addition to FBAS, the BOScoin team applies a Proof of Stake feature for the maintenance of the whole system. Users can freeze coins in units of 10,000 BOS within a node, in return for forgoing liquidity, users will be issued new BOScoin based on the total number of frozen coins in the node. The Frozen coins in the node then act as both an economic incentive to operate a node as well as collateral for the security and integrity of the information held in the blockchain network.

Consensus: mFBA,https://tokens-economy.gitbook.io/consensus/chain-based-pbft-and-bft-based-proof-of-stake/untitled

Block Time: 60 seconds

Market Cap: $ 24 million

WhitePaper

Boscoin

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PublicmFBADAON/AN/AN/AN/AN/AN/A60N/AN/AN/AWeb Ontology LanguageN/AN/AN/ABoscoinBoscoinN/AN/AN/A24N/A N/AN/A
ByteBallNo Ratings YetNo Ratings Yet25 December 2016

ByteBall

A cryptocurrency platform ready for real world adoption

The design There are no blocks in Byteball, and no block size issue. Instead, every new transaction references one or more earlier ones (parents) by including and signing their hashes. The links among transactions form a DAG (directed acyclic graph): By including its parents, each new transaction also indirectly includes and confirms all parents of the parents, parents of the parents of the parents, and so on. As more transactions are added after your transaction, the number of confirmations you receive grows like snowball, that’s why the name Byteball (our snowflakes are bytes of data). There is no PoW, no PoS, and no mining. Instead, we have the DAG, which already establishes partial order between transactions, plus we add the main chain within the DAG: The main chain (MC) allows to define total order between transactions: the transaction which gets included (directly or indirectly) earlier on the MC, is deemed earlier in the total order. When there is a double-spend, the version of the transaction that comes earlier in the total order is deemed valid, all others are deemed void. - Deterministic finality - Assets and on-chain exchange - Private untraceable payments - Regulated assets - Spending conditions (AKA smart contracts) in an easy to understand declarative language https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=1617816.0 - Multisig: a special case of spending conditions - On-chain oracles can post data (such as timestamps, exchange rates, weather, various events) directly to the database, then that data can be referenced from spending conditions - Private end-to-end encrypted messaging: used to convey private payment data, communicate in multisig scenarios, and chat with a merchant’s bot. - Attestation of real name, which is important for applications that require real-world identity, e.g. ICOs that require KYC.

Consensus: DAG,https://tokens-economy.gitbook.io/consensus/chain-based-dag/direct-acyclic-graph-tangle-dag

Block Time: 60 seconds

Market Cap: $ 28.5 million

WhitePaper

ByteBall

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PrivateDAGFoundationJavascriptN/AN/AN/AN/AN/A60N/AN/AN/AJavascriptN/AN/AN/AByteBallByteBallN/AN/AN/A28.5N/AN/AN/A
CardanoNo Ratings YetNo Ratings Yetcentralized 29.9.2017
decentralized Q3 2018

Cardano

Cardano is a decentralised public blockchain and cryptocurrency project and is fully open source. Cardano is developing a smart contract platform which seeks to deliver more advanced features than any protocol previously developed. It is the first blockchain platform to evolve out of a scientific philosophy and a research-first driven approach. The development team consists of a large global collective of expert engineers and researchers

Consensus: PoS,https://tokens-economy.gitbook.io/consensus/chain-based-proof-of-stake/proof-of-stake-pos

Block Time: 60 seconds

Market Cap: $ 1924 million

WhitePaper

Cardano

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PublicPoSFoundationHaskellN/AN/AN/AN/AN/A60N/AN/AN/ASolidity PlutusN/AN/AN/ACardanoCardanoN/AN/Aunlimited # stakeholder1924N/A200 Tx/s
CordaNo Ratings YetNo Ratings YetN/A

Corda

Corda is built on proven, familiar technologies. It is the blockchain for the world's 9 million Java developers. Corda uses enterprise technologies such as a relational databases and AMQP. Corda's architecture focuses on a lower total cost of ownership (TCO), greater resilience and easier deployments.

Consensus: Validity, Uniqueness

Block Time: 1 seconds

Market Cap: $ million

WhitePaper

Corda

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PrivateValidityFoundationKotlinN/AN/AN/AN/AN/A1N/AN/AN/AJava KotlinN/AN/AN/ACordaCordaN/AN/AN/AN/AN/AN/AN/A
CounterpartyNo Ratings YetNo Ratings YetN/A

Counterparty

Counterparty extends Bitcoin in new and powerful ways.

Counterparty is a platform without its own blockchain; rather, it embeds its data into Bitcoin transactions. While the nodes of the Bitcoin network ignore the data embedded in these transactions, the nodes of Counterparty recognise and interpret them. Smart contracts can be written in the same language used by Ethereum. However, unlike Ethereum, no consensus protocol is used to validate the results of computations . Counterparty has its own currency, which can be transferred between users, and be spent for executing contracts. Unlike Ethereum, nodes do not obtain fees for executing contracts; rather, the fees paid by clients are destroyed, and nodes are indirectly rewarded from the inflation of the currency. This mechanism is called proof-of-burn.

Consensus: PoB,https://tokens-economy.gitbook.io/consensus/chain-based-proof-of-burn/proof-of-burn-pob

Block Time: 600 seconds

Market Cap: $ 7 million

WhitePaper

Counterparty

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PublicPoBN/AN/AN/AN/AN/AN/AN/A600N/AN/AN/ASolidity SerpentN/AN/AN/ACounterpartyCounterpartyN/AN/AN/A7N/AN/A
DfinityNo Ratings YetNo Ratings YetN/A

Dfinity

Dfinity is a blockchain-based cloud computing project. Its aim is to develop a decentralized internet computer that will become the cloud 3.0. It is registered as a non-profit foundation in Zug, Switzerland, and operates research centers in Palo Alto, California and in Germany. DFINITY is based on a unique consensus algorithm called Threshold Relay, leveraging the properties of the BLS Threshold Signature scheme. DFINITY’s consensus mechanism has four layers. The first layer provides registered and Sybil-resistant client identities. On the second layer is a decentralized random beacon.On the third layer is a blockchain that is driven by the random beacon through a probabilistic mechanism for leader ranking. On the fourth layer is a decentralized notary that provides timestamping and publication guarantees, and is ultimately responsible for near-instant finality.Regarding scaling-out, DFINITY use a combination of crypto technique and novel solutions such as Threshold Relay, Validation Towers, Validation Trees and USCIDs (Unique State Copy IDs) to scale out with miners. By applying those techniques and with an architecture that separates consensus, validation, and storage into separate layers, DFINITY can scale infinitely.

Consensus: ThresholdRelay,https://tokens-economy.gitbook.io/consensus/thresholdrelay

Block Time: 3–5 seconds

Market Cap: $ 2000 million

WhitePaper

Dfinity

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PrivateThresholdRelayFoundationHaskellN/AN/AN/AN/AN/A3–5N/AN/AN/ASolidityN/AN/AN/ADfinityDfinityN/AN/AN/A2000N/AN/AN/A
EOSNo Ratings YetNo Ratings YetQ2 2018

EOS

Consensus: DPoS,https://tokens-economy.gitbook.io/consensus/chain-based-proof-of-stake/delegated-proof-of-stake-dpos

Block Time: 60 seconds

Market Cap: $ 493.1 million

WhitePaper

EOS

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PublicDPoSN/ACppN/AN/AN/AN/AN/A60N/AN/AN/ACppN/AN/AN/AEOSEOSN/AN/A21 validators493.1N/A potential to millions Tx/S
EthereumNo Ratings YetNo Ratings Yet7.2015

Ethereum

Ethereum is a decentralized platform that runs smart contracts: applications that run exactly as programmed without any possibility of downtime, censorship, fraud or third-party interference.

Consensus: PoW,https://tokens-economy.gitbook.io/consensus/chain-based-proof-of-work/proof-of-work-pow-1

Block Time: 14-15 seconds

Market Cap: $ 2100 million

WhitePaper

Ethereum

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PublicPoWFoundationN/AN/AN/AN/AN/A14-15N/AN/AN/ASolidityN/AN/AN/AEthereumEthereumN/AN/Aunlimited number of validator2100N/A 12 tx/s
Ethereum classicNo Ratings YetNo Ratings YetN/A

Ethereum classic

Ethereum Classic is an open-source, public, blockchain-based distributed computing platform featuring smart contract functionality. It provides a decentralized Turing-complete virtual machine, the Ethereum Virtual Machine, which can execute scripts using an international network of public nodes.

Consensus: PoW,https://tokens-economy.gitbook.io/consensus/chain-based-proof-of-work/proof-of-work-pow-1

Block Time: 14-15 seconds

Market Cap: $ 1000 million

WhitePaper

Ethereum classic

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PublicPoWN/AGo C++ RustN/AN/AN/AN/AN/A14-15N/AN/AN/ASolidityN/AN/AN/AEthereum classicEthereum classicN/AN/AN/A1000N/A N/AN/A
ExonumNo Ratings YetNo Ratings YetN/A

Exonum

xonum enables you to build decentralized, secure and reliable blockchain applications. It is designed to allow people, companies and governments to design custom private or permissioned blockchains that benefit from the unmatched security of public blockchains.Exonum brings all the advantages of a true blockchain — auditability, transparency, and unparalleled security — and combines them with privacy, efficiency and controllability.

Consensus: BFT,https://tokens-economy.gitbook.io/consensus/chain-based-pbft-and-bft-based-proof-of-stake/byzantine-fault-tolerance-bft

Block Time: 60 seconds

Market Cap: $ million

WhitePaper

Exonum

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PrivateBFTN/AN/AN/AN/AN/AN/AN/A60N/AN/AN/ARust JavaN/AN/AN/AExonumExonumN/AN/AN/AN/AN/AN/AN/A
HyperLedger FabricNo Ratings YetNo Ratings YetN/A

HyperLedger Fabric

Hyperledger is an umbrella project of open source blockchains and related tools, started in December 2015 by the Linux Foundation, to support the collaborative development of blockchain-based distributed ledgers.

Consensus: BFT,https://tokens-economy.gitbook.io/consensus/chain-based-pbft-and-bft-based-proof-of-stake/byzantine-fault-tolerance-bft

Block Time: 1 seconds

Market Cap: $ million

WhitePaper

HyperLedger Fabric

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PrivateBFTFoundationN/AN/AN/AN/AN/AN/A1N/AN/AN/AGolangN/AN/AN/AHyperLedger FabricHyperLedger FabricN/AN/AN/AN/AN/AN/AN/AN/A
ICONNo Ratings YetNo Ratings YetJune 2018

ICON

Hyperconnect the World

ICON already boasts communities comprised of reputable institutions – banks, securities, insurance, hospitals, universities, and more. ICON’s decentralized applications (DAPPs), including Blockchain ID and Payment & Exchange, can benefit current and future communities.For instance, Blockchain ID can be issued by financial securities community and be used for ID verification in all other communities. Likewise, ICX issued by hospitals can be used for payment & exchange in all other communities.Blockchain ID Blockchain ID is issued through Smart Contract and can be used for verification in all communities. Open your next bank account in seconds. Receive student discounts without showing physical student IDs.Payment & Exchange ICON Wallet can transfer, settle, and exchange currencies in real time through DEX (Decentralized Exchange). It can be used in our everyday lives with our community network – banks, securities, insurance, universities, and much more.Usability ICON brings blockchain technology into our everyday lives. The team behind ICON has been building real-world applications for real communities. In addition, ICON will benefit from ‘DAVinCI,’ our artificial intelligence solution trusted by some of the largest financial institutions in the world.

Consensus: LFT

Block Time: 60 seconds

Market Cap: $ 261 million

WhitePaper

ICON

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PublicLFTN/APythonN/AN/AN/AN/AN/A60N/AN/AN/APythonN/AN/AN/AICONICONN/AN/AN/A261N/AN/A
KomodoNo Ratings YetNo Ratings Yet15-10-2016

Komodo

We provide security, freedom and independence to all people through blockchain technology to create a flourishing, decentralized world

Consensus: PoW,dPoW

Block Time: 60 seconds

Market Cap: $ 162 million

WhitePaper

Komodo

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N/APoWFoundationC++N/AN/AN/AN/AN/A60N/AN/AN/AC++N/AN/AN/AKomodoKomodoN/AN/AN/A162N/A N/AN/A
LiskNo Ratings YetNo Ratings Yet5.2016

Lisk

Striving for Change, Exellence, Honesty, Progress

Lisk [6] has its own currency, and a public blockchain with a delegated proofof-stake consensus mechanism. More specifically, 101 active delegates, each one elected by the stakeholders, have the authority to generate blocks. Stakeholders can take part to the electoral process, by placing votes for delegates in their favour, or by becoming candidates themselves. Lisk supports the execution of Turing-complete smart contracts, written either in JavaScript or in Node.js. Unlike Ethereum, determinism of executions is not ensured by the language: rather, programmers must take care of it, e.g. by not using functions like Math.random. Although Lisk has a main blockchain, each smart contract is executed on a separated one. Users can deposit or withdraw currency from a contract to the main chain, while avoiding double spending. Contract owners can customise their blockchain before deploying their contracts, e.g. choosing which nodes can participate to the consensus mechanism

Consensus: DPoS,https://tokens-economy.gitbook.io/consensus/chain-based-proof-of-stake/delegated-proof-of-stake-dpos

Block Time: 0.167 seconds

Market Cap: $ 320 million

WhitePaper

Lisk

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PublicDPoSFoundationJavascriptN/AN/AN/AN/AN/A0.167N/AN/AN/AJavascriptN/AN/AN/ALiskLiskN/AN/AN/A320N/AN/A
MonaxNo Ratings YetNo Ratings Yet0.20.0 7/6/2018

Monax

Monax Industries Limited, known as Monax, is a contract lifecycle management platform. The company was founded in 2014. The company has offices in Edinburgh, London and New York. Monax supports the execution of Ethereum contracts, without having its own currency. Monax allows users to create private blockchains, and to define authorisation policies for accessing them. Its consensus protocol is organised in rounds, where a participant proposes a new block of transactions, and the others vote for it. When a block fails to be approved, the protocol moves to the next round, where another participant will be in charge of proposing blocks. A block is confirmed when it is approved by at least 2/3 of the total voting power.

Consensus: BFT-Based PoS

Block Time: 1 seconds

Market Cap: $ million

WhitePaper

Monax

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PublicBFT-Based PoSN/AN/AN/AN/AN/AN/AN/AN/A1N/AN/AN/ASolidityN/AN/AN/AMonaxMonaxN/AN/Avalidators > 4N/AN/AN/A10000 tx/s for 250 byte TxN/A
NeblioNo Ratings YetNo Ratings YetN/A

Neblio

A secure, distributed, platform built for enterprise applications and services. Running on the Neblio blockchain network.

Consensus: PoS,https://tokens-economy.gitbook.io/consensus/chain-based-proof-of-stake/proof-of-stake-pos

Block Time: 60 seconds

Market Cap: $ 25,https://coinmarketcap.com/currencies/neblio/ million

WhitePaper

Neblio

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PublicPoSN/AN/AN/AN/AN/AN/AN/A60N/AN/AN/ACpp Go Ruby JavaN/AN/AN/ANeblioNeblioN/AN/AN/A25N/AN/A
NemNo Ratings YetNo Ratings YetN/A

Nem

NEM is the world's first Smart Asset blockchain. Built from the ground up for enterprise-grade performance, NEM's blockchain technology delivers a world class platform for management of almost any kind of asset: currencies, supply chains, notarizations, ownership records and more. NEM’S power is exposed through a straightforward and secure developer interface so that you can deploy your blockchain solution in record time. Whether you are building the next best mobile app or bringing blockchain into your existing business infrastructure, NEM makes blockchain work for you.

Consensus: PoI,https://tokens-economy.gitbook.io/consensus/chain-based-proof-of-capacity-space/proof-of-importance

Block Time: 60 seconds

Market Cap: $ 86 million

WhitePaper

Nem

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Public,PrivatePoIFoundationN/A