Comparison of major 37 blockchain platforms by Tokens-Economy.com

Manatae Team has built this page to offer an encompassing and structured overview of the major smart contract platform

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NameRatingLaunchAboutTypeConsensusGovernanceWhitepaperLanguageDEXPrivacySidechainAtomic SwapState Channels# Nodes#Transactions# Block ProducerHead BlockTX/SBlockTimeBlockSizeAccountsContractsContracts LanguageTuringStakedUnstakedUnstakingTokenSupplyPriceNew TokenRewardsDecentralizationMarketCapMarketCap RankExplorerCodeTx/sSocialcustom specification

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" class="tooltip">PublicPoS N/A Java N/AN/AN/AN/AN/A60N/AN/AN/AJava N/AN/AN/AArdorArdorN/AN/AN/A113N/A N/A ArkMarc 2017

Ark

Ark Ecosystem is a legal entity developing an open-source, public, blockchain-based distributed computing platform featuring smart bridges functionality. Ark Ecosystem is the first blockchain project to incorporate in the EU and in France. It is registered as Société Coopérative d’Intérêt Collectif (SCIC) which is “Cooperative Society of Collective Interest” or “General Interest Cooperatives”. This structure is aligned with an open source venture and with a for-profit venture. The French regulatory body of financial markets – AMF Autorité des Marchés Financiérs – and the National bank of France – Bank of France – have been in close collaboration with ARK Ecosystem and their legal advisory firm – Fieldfisher to design the SCIC structure. The lead partner that designed the SCIC structure is Arnaud Grunthaler. He is also a member of the think tank of the French Prime Minister’s Cabinet focused on policy “France Stratégie”.

Consensus: DPoS,https://tokens-economy.gitbook.io/consensus/chain-based-proof-of-stake/delegated-proof-of-stake-dpos

Block Time: 0.133 seconds

Market Cap: $ 75 million

WhitePaper

Ark

" class="tooltip">PublicDPoS N/A Javascript N/AN/AN/AN/AN/A0.133N/AN/AN/AJavascript N/AN/AN/AArkArkN/AN/A51 delegate75N/A 19 TPS BitcoinN/A

Bitcoin

Bitcoin is a platform for transferring digital currency, the bitcoins (BTC). It has been the first decentralized cryptocurrency to be created, and now is the one with the largest market capitalization. The platform relies on a public blockchain to record the complete history of currency transactions. The nodes of the Bitcoin network use a consensus algorithm based moderately hard “proofof-work” puzzles to establish how to append a new block of transactions to the blockchain. Nodes work in competition to generate the next block of the chain. The first node that solves the puzzle earns a reward in Bitcoin. Although the main goal of Bitcoin is to transfer currency, the immutability and openness of its blockchain have inspired the development of protocols that implement (limited forms of) smart contracts. Bitcoin features a non-Turing complete scripting language, which allows to specify under which conditions a transaction can be redeemed. The scripting language is quite limited, as it only features some basic arithmetic, logical, and crypto operations (e.g., hashing and verification of digital signatures). A further limitation to its expressiveness is the fact that only a small fraction of the nodes of the Bitcoin network can process transactions whose script is more complex than verifying a signature.

Consensus: PoW,https://tokens-economy.gitbook.io/consensus/chain-based-proof-of-work/proof-of-work-pow-1

Block Time: 600 seconds

Market Cap: $ 115000 million

WhitePaper

Bitcoin

" class="tooltip">PublicPoW users and miners C++ N/AN/AN/AN/AN/A600up to 1.2MB N/AN/AIvy-Lang N/AN/AN/ABitcoinBitcoinN/A12.5 bitcoins; halve every 210'000 blocks N/A115000N/A 5 to 20 tx/s N/ABoscoinN/A

Boscoin

BOScoin is a Self-Evolving Cryptocurrency Platform for Trust Contracts. They will provide a decidable and approachable framework for creating and executing contracts on the blockchain. The “Congress Network” is aimed towards creating a more democratic and productive decision making process. And the incentive scheme and issuance plan is aimed towards creating value for the coin while deterring the centralization of power. The Modified Federated Byzantine Agreement algorithm will allow for low latency transactions while being more energy efficient. BOScoin aims to overcome the technical and operational issues inherent in many cryptocurrencies.BOScoin uses a modified Federated Byzantine Agreement(mFBA) which originally comes from the Federated Byzantine Agreement System(FBAS). In addition to FBAS, the BOScoin team applies a Proof of Stake feature for the maintenance of the whole system. Users can freeze coins in units of 10,000 BOS within a node, in return for forgoing liquidity, users will be issued new BOScoin based on the total number of frozen coins in the node. The Frozen coins in the node then act as both an economic incentive to operate a node as well as collateral for the security and integrity of the information held in the blockchain network.

Consensus: mFBA,https://tokens-economy.gitbook.io/consensus/chain-based-pbft-and-bft-based-proof-of-stake/untitled

Block Time: 60 seconds

Market Cap: $ 24 million

WhitePaper

Boscoin

" class="tooltip">PublicmFBA DAO N/AN/AN/AN/AN/AN/A60N/AN/AN/AWeb Ontology Language N/AN/AN/ABoscoinBoscoinN/AN/AN/A24N/A N/AN/AByteBall25 December 2016

ByteBall

A cryptocurrency platform ready for real world adoption

The design There are no blocks in Byteball, and no block size issue. Instead, every new transaction references one or more earlier ones (parents) by including and signing their hashes. The links among transactions form a DAG (directed acyclic graph): By including its parents, each new transaction also indirectly includes and confirms all parents of the parents, parents of the parents of the parents, and so on. As more transactions are added after your transaction, the number of confirmations you receive grows like snowball, that’s why the name Byteball (our snowflakes are bytes of data). There is no PoW, no PoS, and no mining. Instead, we have the DAG, which already establishes partial order between transactions, plus we add the main chain within the DAG: The main chain (MC) allows to define total order between transactions: the transaction which gets included (directly or indirectly) earlier on the MC, is deemed earlier in the total order. When there is a double-spend, the version of the transaction that comes earlier in the total order is deemed valid, all others are deemed void. - Deterministic finality - Assets and on-chain exchange - Private untraceable payments - Regulated assets - Spending conditions (AKA smart contracts) in an easy to understand declarative language https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=1617816.0 - Multisig: a special case of spending conditions - On-chain oracles can post data (such as timestamps, exchange rates, weather, various events) directly to the database, then that data can be referenced from spending conditions - Private end-to-end encrypted messaging: used to convey private payment data, communicate in multisig scenarios, and chat with a merchant’s bot. - Attestation of real name, which is important for applications that require real-world identity, e.g. ICOs that require KYC.

Consensus: DAG,https://tokens-economy.gitbook.io/consensus/chain-based-dag/direct-acyclic-graph-tangle-dag

Block Time: 60 seconds

Market Cap: $ 28.5 million

WhitePaper

ByteBall

" class="tooltip">PrivateDAG Foundation Javascript N/AN/AN/AN/AN/A60N/AN/AN/AJavascript N/AN/AN/AByteBallByteBallN/AN/AN/A28.5N/A N/AN/ACardanocentralized 29.9.2017
decentralized Q3 2018

Cardano

Cardano is a decentralised public blockchain and cryptocurrency project and is fully open source. Cardano is developing a smart contract platform which seeks to deliver more advanced features than any protocol previously developed. It is the first blockchain platform to evolve out of a scientific philosophy and a research-first driven approach. The development team consists of a large global collective of expert engineers and researchers

Consensus: PoS,https://tokens-economy.gitbook.io/consensus/chain-based-proof-of-stake/proof-of-stake-pos

Block Time: 60 seconds

Market Cap: $ 1924 million

WhitePaper

Cardano

" class="tooltip">PublicPoS Foundation Haskell N/AN/AN/AN/AN/A60N/AN/AN/ASolidity Plutus N/AN/AN/ACardanoCardanoN/AN/Aunlimited # stakeholder1924N/A 200 Tx/s CordaN/A

Corda

Corda is built on proven, familiar technologies. It is the blockchain for the world's 9 million Java developers. Corda uses enterprise technologies such as a relational databases and AMQP. Corda's architecture focuses on a lower total cost of ownership (TCO), greater resilience and easier deployments.

Consensus: Validity, Uniqueness

Block Time: 1 seconds

Market Cap: $ million

WhitePaper

Corda