IEO is currently the most popular fundraising trend in the crypto industry. As the name suggests, Initial Exchange Offering is conducted over the crypto trading platform and exchanges. So unlike ICOs wherein crypto projects directly approach investors, IEOs involve a third-party in the form of crypto exchanges.

An IEO is basically an ICO except that it is launched and managed by an existing exchange instead of the organization that created the token. The exchange holds and sells the token on behalf of the project team.

A new group of investors is therefore forced to register and use the exchange platform.

Many of the top exchanges who are Launch Initial Exchange offering ( IEOs) have different requirements that involve holding or using their own platform tokens in order to participate in the IEO. By creating this condition, exchanges create demand for their internal tokens, which increases its value.

The project team needs to meet and comply with the exchange’s platform requirements (due diligence) to initiate token sales

The first crypto exchange was the Binance exchange launching its “Launchpad” platform.

Security token offering (STO) is a type of fundraising that is performed with a company offering tokenized securities. The defining feature of security token offerings is in its definition. Stocks, bonds and managed property trusts are another examples of securities.

Essentially, a security token is a cryptocurrency-based asset that derives its value from some other asset that it represents. For example, security tokens can represent real estate or gold but, most importantly, they can represent shares and securities or their alternative.

The tokens offered during an ICO are called utility tokens, their value is based on demand for the product or service which requires the tokens. They are not normally legally-binding contracts and do not represent any underlying assets.

  • Will 2019 be the Year of the Security Token Offering (STO)?
  • How big is really the STO market?
  • Which country has organized most STO?
  • How much can you expect to raise with a STO?

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After updating my Page about the Biggest Crypto Loss, Hacks, Scam of All Time, i came down to a new record number of Bitcoin that maybe lost forever. As the subject is sensible, this need some more explanations how I came to that crazy number

BTC Confidence Explanations
A further million coins are said to be lost, due to them being the original Bitcoins that pseudonymous Bitcoin creator Satoshi Nakamoto mined before disappearing. Although it’s always possible that he will re-emerge and claim his fortune, it seems more likely at this stage that his fortune will remain untouched.
4m80%Chainalysis, a cryptocurrency and blockchain analytics company, first revealed in an interview with Fortune that between 2.78 and 3.79 million BTC are already lost on the bitcoin blockchain. That number was released in November 2017.
Chainalysis’s conclusions rely on segmenting the existing bitcoin supply based on age and transaction activity. For some segments, the company used statistical sampling to determine the amount lost.
Source: Fortune
7500100%JAMES HOWELLS LOST 7,500 BTC IN 2009
“I (James Howells, a 32-year-old IT specialist) mined more than 7,500 coins over one week’s time in 2009; there were just six of us doing it at the time, and it was like the early days of a gold rush. Four years later, I had two hard drives in a desk drawer. One was empty, and the other contained my bitcoin private keys. I meant to throw away the empty drive — and I accidentally threw away the one with the bitcoin information,” said Howells.
“I looked up the price, did the calculation . . . and thought, ‘S – – t. [My investment is] worth around $2 [million] or $3 million.’ A few months later it was worth $9.9 million. I was annoyed, pissed off, sick. I spoke to the people at the landfill and told them that I threw away a hard drive worth $10 million. They looked at me stupidly.”

Note that
The genesis block is an unspendable sum that will forever contain the first block reward of 50 BTC. Over the years, many fans have also sent funds to the genesis address, Source: Bitcoin Explorer
Sydney-based technology journalist Campbell Simpson details his story of throwing away a hard drive containing 1400 bitcoin.  Source from Author himself

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